Dual Polarization Radio Localization for Vehicular Networks
WSA 2021; 25th International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas,
Vehicular networks allow for a variety of applications ranging from platooning to fully automated driving. Most of such applications require the vehicles that constitute the networks to be aware of their relative or absolute position as well as the position of nearby vehicles. To this end, multiple positioning methods can be employed, among such methods are Global Positioning Systems or methods that employ time delay of arrival. This work presents a localization method that employs a dual polarized antenna at the transmitter and receiver side of wireless communications in vehicular networks. The proposed approach does not increase network load as it does not require extra data packets to be sent for localization purposes, and can be used to mitigate position spoofing inside the network. The accuracy and reliability of the proposed method are measured trough a set of numerical simulations, showing sufficient performance for acting as a secondary positioning mechanism capable of providing improved security and reliability to the network.